High Cholesterol drugs: Consider the options

If a weight-reduction plan and workout do not do sufficient, you can additionally want to take medicines to assist decrease your ldl cholesterol.

A healthful lifestyle is primary protection in opposition to excessive ldl cholesterol.

But from time to time weight-reduction plans and workouts are not sufficient. You can also additionally want to take ldl cholesterol medicines to assist: Decrease your low-density lipoprotein (LDL) ldl cholesterol, the “bad” ldl cholesterol that will increase the chance of coronary heart disorder Decrease your triglycerides, a form of fats withinside the blood that still will increase the chance of coronary heart disorder Increase your excessive-density lipoprotein (HDL) ldl cholesterol, the “good” ldl cholesterol that gives safety from coronary heart disorder Your physician would possibly propose an unmarried drug or an aggregate of ldl cholesterol medicines.

Here’s an outline of the professionals and cons for not unusual place instructions of LDL cholesterol medicines.

Read also: Potassium Chloride

High Cholesterol medicaments benefits and side effects:

Drug classBenefitsPossible side effects
Atorvastatin (Lipitor)
Fluvastatin (Lescol XL)
Lovastatin (Altoprev)
Pitavastatin (Livalo)
Pravastatin (Pravachol)
Rosuvastatin (Crestor)
Simvastatin (Zocor)
Decrease LDL and triglycerides; slightly increase HDLMuscle pain, increased blood sugar levels, constipation, nausea, diarrhea, stomach pain, cramps, the elevation of liver enzymes
Cholesterol absorption inhibitor
Ezetimibe (Zetia)
Decreases LDL; slightly decreases triglycerides; slightly increases HDLStomach pain, diarrhea, fatigue, muscle soreness; avoid during pregnancy and lactation
PCSK9 inhibitors
Alirocumab (Praluent)
Evolocumab (Repatha)
Decrease LDL; usually reserved for people who have a genetic condition that causes very high LDL levels or people with heart disease who cannot tolerate statins or other cholesterol-lowering drugsItching, swelling, pain or bruising at injection site
Citrate lyase inhibitors
Bempedoic acid (Nexletol)
Bempedoic acid-ezetimibe (Nexlizet)
Decrease LDLMuscle spasms and joint pain, including acute gout
Bile acid sequestrants
Cholestyramine (Prevalite)
Colesevelam (Welchol)
Colestipol (Colestid)
Decrease LDL; may slightly increase HDLConstipation, bloating, nausea, gas, heartburn
Combination cholesterol absorption inhibitor and statin
Ezetimibe-simvastatin (Vytorin)
Decreases LDL and triglycerides; increases HDLStomach pain, fatigue, gas, constipation, abdominal pain, cramps, muscle soreness, pain and weakness
Combination of calcium channel blockers and statin
Amlodipine-atorvastatin (Caduet)
The statin component decreases LDL and triglycerides; the calcium channel blocker lowers blood pressureFacial and neck flushing, dizziness, heart palpitations, muscle soreness and pain, increased blood sugar levels, constipation, nausea, diarrhea, stomach pain, cramps, elevation of liver enzymes
Fenofibrate (Antara, Lipofen, others)
Gemfibrozil (Lopid)
Decrease triglycerides; modestly decrease LDL; increase HDLNausea, stomach pain, muscle pain
Prescription niacin (Niacor, Niaspan)
Decreases LDL and triglycerides; increases HDLFacial and neck flushing, itching, stomach upset, increase in blood sugar
Omega-3 fatty acids
Prescription versions include Lovaza, Omacor and Vascepa
Decrease triglycerides; may increase HDLBelching, fishy taste, and indigestion; may increase the risk of bleeding

Read also: 8 Cholesterol-Lowering Drugs Benefits and side effects

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